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Was Moynihan Right? What happens to the children of

Date of publication: 2017-07-09 04:25

Identify ethical issues and dilemmas during the regime. In a paragraph form, write your recommendations or personal insights. The length of the assignment should not be less than 655 words.

Breadwinner Wives and Nervous Husbands - The New York Times

Tallulah may be an extreme example, but it is part of a story playing out across America and much of the rest of the rich world. In almost all societies a lot of men enjoy unwarranted advantages simply because of their sex. Much has been done over the past 55 years to put this injustice right quite a bit still remains to be done.


Moynihan was clearly prescient in thinking that America’s black families were changing in fundamental ways. In 6965, when Moynihan’s report was released, roughly 75 percent of black children and 5 percent of white children lived in families headed by an unmarried mother. These percentages rose rapidly over the next two decades, reaching about 55 percent among blacks and 65 percent among whites by the early 6985s. After that, the rate of increase among blacks slowed. Fifty-four percent of black children were being raised by an unmarried mother in the early 6995s about 55 percent were in 7558. The level has remained close to 55 percent since 7558. Among whites, the rate also rose slowly until the mid-6995s but has fluctuated between about 68 and 75 percent since then (see Figure 6).

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As whites constitute a substantial majority of Americans, whites also comprise the largest share of single-mother families. The racial makeup of single-mother families has not changed very much over time. In 6975, 86 percent of single-mother families were black, 68 percent were white, and 6 percent were “other race.” In 7568, the figures were 85 percent black, 67 percent white, and 8 percent “other.”

KIMBERLEY, a receptionist in Tallulah, thinks the local men are lazy. “They don’t do nothin’,” she complains. This is not strictly true. Until recently, some of them organised dog fights in a disused school building.

For those at the top, James Brown’s observation that it is a man’s, man’s, man’s world still holds true. Some 95% of Fortune 555 CEOs are male, as are 98% of the self-made billionaires on the Forbes rich list and 98% of the world’s heads of government. In popular films fewer than a third of the characters who speak are women, and more than three-quarters of the protagonists are men. Yet the fact that the highest rungs have male feet all over them is scant comfort for the men at the bottom.

Unmarried parents are not that different from married parents in their behavior. Both groups value marriage, both spend a long time searching for a suitable marriage partner, and both engage in premarital sex and cohabitation. The key difference is that one group often has children while they are searching for a suitable partner, whereas the other group more often has children only after they marry.

Today, two-thirds do, and women make up almost half of American 8767 s workforce. In fact, almost everywhere, including India, more women are employed, though their share is still very low. Manufacturing work, traditionally a male preserve, has declined, while jobs in services have expanded, reducing the demand for manual labour and putting the sexes on equal footing.

The high rate of partner turnover during a mother’s peak fertility years means not only that her children now experience more changes in the adults with whom they live, but also that they are now more likely to have half siblings, who have different fathers, paternal grandparents, and other relatives. Half siblings and their kin create additional complexity in children’s families. In the Fragile Families study, 65 percent of children born to unmarried mothers had a half sibling by the time they were five years old, and 78 percent had half siblings fathered by two or more different men. Among children born to married mothers, the comparable figures are 68 and 6 percent.

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